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    Skin pigmentation and discolouration is a common problem in Singapore. Because of the tropical climate of the country, people spend most of the day under the sun. Because of this, Singaporeans are often exposed to harmful UV rays, which results in many skin pigmentation and discolouration issues.

    The right treatment for pigmentation removal starts with the right diagnosis. For us to be able to effectively treat your condition, we must know exactly what the condition is. Many skin pigmentation conditions look similar and may be confusing to some people.

    To be able to accurately determine your skin pigmentation, it is best to visit our clinic, One Face Skin & Aesthetics Clinic. And to help you have an idea of the most common types of pigmentation issues in Singapore and how much they cost, we’ve prepared this brief guide for you.

    Types of Skin Pigmentation in Singapore and Corresponding Treatments:

    1. Melasma

    This is a skin pigmentation problem that shows up as brown, blue-grey or tan patches on the face and other parts of the body that’s constantly exposed to the sun. This is very common among pregnant women, and people who undergo hormonal changes in their body. It is also linked to genetics and prolonged sun exposure. The type of pigmentation removal treatment for melasma depends on its depth and severity.

    Factors that affect the cost of treatment:

    • Size of the skin area affected by melasma
    • Depth of the melasma patches

    Treatments:

    • Topical creams with Hydroquinone ($50 to $180)
    • Sunscreens ($80 to $200)

    For mild to moderate cases, it is usually enough to use topical creams and sunscreens to treat them. We usually prescribe creams or sunscreen that contain hydroquinone, which is very effective in dealing with melasma. It usually takes about 4 to 7 weeks to see the full effects of the treatment.

    • Laser treatment ($1600 to $5000 for the whole treatment)
    • Chemical Peels ($180 to $250 per session, 4 to 6 sessions)

    If the melasma is more severe, then we recommend either laser treatments or chemical peels for pigmentation removal. Laser treatments are generally more effective and less damaging to your skin compared to chemical peels but are also more expensive.

    2. Freckles

    Woman's face with freckles

    Freckles are light brown spots on the nose and cheeks and are common in teenagers and young adults. They are usually not dangerous, and some people even find freckles attractive.

    Factors that affect the cost of treatment:

    • size of skin region with freckles

    Treatments:

    • Topical creams with Hydroquinone ($50 to $180)

    Hydroquinone is an effective medication for freckles and is the first line of treatment. If your freckles don’t fade or disappear after 4 to 6 weeks of treatment, then you might consider another option for pigmentation removal.

    • Laser treatment ($1000 to $1800 for the whole treatment)

    If hydroquinone doesn’t do much in treating your freckles, then a laser procedure may be more effective. At least 2 sessions may be needed to get the full effectiveness from the treatment.

    3. Solar lentigo

    Solar lentigo is very common in elderly people and is caused by too much exposure to the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays. They appear as round, dark spots on the face, which are usually of the same colour.

    Factors that affect the cost of treatment:

    • Number of solar lentigines or sun spots
    • Area covered by solar lentigines

    Treatments

    • Topical creams with Hydroquinone ($50 to $180)
    • Laser treatment ($1000 to $1800 for the whole treatment)

    The treatment options for solar lentigo are similar to freckles. The first line of treatment starts with hydroquinone, and if that doesn’t work a laser treatment may be the best procedure.

    4. Seborrheic keratosis

    Seborrheic Keratosis on neck

    Seborrheic keratosis is harmless, noncancerous skin growths that are quite common, especially occurring in older people. It appears as a wart-like growth that is usually black, brown or tan. They are slightly raised and usually appear on the head, neck, back or chest.

    Factors that affect the cost of treatment:

    • Number of growths
    • Size of the area with seborrheic keratosis
    • Size of individual growths

    Treatments

    • Electrocautery ($200 to $700)
    • Ablative laser treatment ($300 to $1200)

    Seborrheic keratosis is harmless but if you want to have it removed you can undergo electrocautery, in which the growths are burned away using an electric current, or an ablative laser treatment, which vaporizes the growths.

    5. Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

    Another common skin pigmentation condition is PIH, which usually appears after an injury, infection or inflammation. It can also appear after an outbreak of acne or from the use of skin products that irritate your skin. They usually appear as patches of discolourations on the face.

    Factors that affect the cost of treatment:

    • Size of the area with PIH
    • The severity of the PIH

    Treatments

    • Topical creams with hydroquinone ($50 to $180)
    • Chemical peels ($180 to $250 per session)
    • Laser treatment ($800 to $2400)

    PIH can manifest in many ways, and there are multiple treatment options for it. We always start by prescribing a cream or sunscreen that contains hydroquinone as it is not that expensive and has moderate success as a treatment. If that doesn’t work, then the patient may either undergo skin resurfacing using chemical peels or through a laser treatment.

     

    One Face Skin & Aesthetics Clinic
    1 Tras Link, #02-01 Orchid Hotel,
    Singapore 078867
    +65 6222 2262